Sunday, January 1, 2012

1106946949.txt

From: Keith Briffa
To: dirk.verschuren@gfz-potsdam.de
Subject: Re: Dirk
Date: Fri Jan 28 16:15:49 2005
Cc: Stephen.Juggins@newcastle.ac.uk,Valerie Masson-Delmotte ,eystein.jansen@geo.uib.no, Sandy Tudhope ,dan.charman@plymouth.ac.uk

Dear Dirk
good news re your not dropping out . We are happy to have you and if you can do what you
can in the time available this would be good. Valerie and I will send a general message
Monday am to all WP1 folk to say what is needed now, but we thought it best to to get
back to you straight away re specific points raised in Steve's message.
First, I hope you will be responsible with Dan (and help from Sandy Tudhope) for
co-ordinating Task 1.4 of WP1 following the concept as we saw it in the preliminary
proposal. Of course you would focus on North African (and north and south of this area)
work - on the collection, comparison, integration, interpretation of the high and lower
resolution records that relate to hydrology. I see Dan as taking the strain regarding the
more Northern areas - with obvious attention to wetlands and Sandy helping with dynamic
links (and ENSO?). Of course there are other records and there will be a need to restrict
"new" collection/laboratory analyses to very specific , justified (and accepted by SC)
situations , but the high resolution core(s) you told me of would be relevant. I suggest
you think in terms of a person to work on this AND data compilation - perhaps a (cheap)
postdoc for 3 years , and money for internal WP1 meetings - say 250KEuro ?
FOR NOW - we need you to liaise with Dan and Sandy to produce what you can for the Task
1.4(see attached old version of proposal to start from) . We will need a "state of the Art"
Scientific objectives and approach details . Your whole Task 1.4 section can only be 1 page
A4 single spaced max.
AFTER LONG DISCUSSION IN LONDON- it was decided that this task would NOW NOT INCLUDE the
paleoflood work - and Eystein will be communicating with Bennitto to (regretfully ) to
inform him that we have had to remove his contribution (please do not contact him until
Eystein has done this). We will not put a specific focus on floods (though of course some
work can be done using existing European flood data), because of Rudolf Brazdil , and we
hope , he will accept to be part of WP1 but put some of his requested funds into WP6 .
Hence you 3 can concentrate more on the concept of large scale hydologic variability
,monsoon changes , north south linkages etc. The problem with ENSO persists. I know you
Sandy want to focus entirely on this, but we could compromise perhaps and you do part this
and part Europe? It was decided that we will (somewhere) include data/model comparison
with US droughts , but this does not require effort on out part other than minor data
compilation of existing records [Eystein, we therefore need to ensure Cook is one of the
associated americans]. We will put together an appendix of preliminary records to be used
in each task - just to show impressive new potential integration (but not a priority for
now).
You do not need to sign any forms officially at this stage - just get approval presumably
from your department internally . If we ever get there, forms will be handled at contract
negotiation.
So get in touch with each other (resend ideas , do not assume your previous emails went to
each other), get exchanging ideas and draft what you can .
ON monday , the specific letter to all people will come round , with requested timeline ,
task, deliverables re budget and precise format of Science writing that we need to assemble
the proposal. Then Valerie and I will have to look at the whole thing in the context of our
total 3.7 M budget.
IT WILL ALL SEEM WORTH IT IN 2006
All the very best Keith and Valerie
Keith's home number is 441953 851013
mobile 0776 9732 685
At 12:37 28/01/2005, Stephen Juggins wrote:

Hi Keith, copy to Eystein, Oyvind
Just had a long chat with Dirk. It's OK, he's not in Millenium!
The reason he was pulling out is over committment this year. Anyway, I
managed to persuade him to change his mind - the project won't start
until Jan 2006 at the very earliest, so any input won't be needed until
next year. He was also unsure what to ask for - I suggested he should
cost in a post-doc for 3 years and 2 meetings per year, plus some "data
workshops". Keith - can you give him some guidance on costing these so
they are in line with what others are asking for. I told him that you
would look at the overall budges for WP1 and adjust if necessary to meet
the target.
His only short term problem is revising any text for the proposal - he
leaves for Kenya next Thursday. I realised that Eystein has only sent
the documents to the ssc people so Keith, can you forward these to Dirk
and let him know exactly what you need from him for the text and
budgets.
Finally, Dirk was worried that he wouldn't be able to get any paperwork
& signatures from his Uni but as I understood from the meeting yesterday
this was not needed. Is this right? If there are any forms to fill in
we had better get these to him asap.
Cheers, Steve
Steve Juggins
School of Geography, Politics & Sociology
University of Newcastle Tel: +44 (0)191 222 8799
Newcastle upon Tyne Fax: +44 (0)191 222 5421
NE1 7RU, UK Mobile: +44 07740054905
[1]http://www.campus.ncl.ac.uk/staff/Stephen.Juggins/


--
Professor Keith Briffa,
Climatic Research Unit
University of East Anglia
Norwich, NR4 7TJ, U.K.

Phone: +44-1603-593909
Fax: +44-1603-507784
[2]http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/cru/people/briffa/

References

1. http://www.campus.ncl.ac.uk/staff/Stephen.Juggins/
2. http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/cru/people/briffa/

1088632271.txt

From: Tom Wigley
To: Jerry Meehl , Sarah Raper , Sarah Raper , Ben Santer , Doug Nychka
Subject: AR4: missing attachment
Date: Wed, 30 Jun 2004 17:51:11 -0600

This is a multi-part message in MIME format.
--------------020608070205090505010406
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii; format=flowed
Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit



--------------020608070205090505010406
Content-Type: application/msword;
name="AR4Proposal.doc"
Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64
Content-Disposition: inline;
filename="AR4Proposal.doc"
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--------------020608070205090505010406--

1258053464.txt

From: "Thorne, Peter (Climate Research)" <peter.thorne@metoffice.gov.uk>
To: "Phil Jones" <p.jones@uea.ac.uk>
Subject: Letter draft
Date: Thu, 12 Nov 2009 14:17:44 -0000

Phil, attached is a draft letter. We were keen to keep it as short,
sweet and uncomplicated as possible without skipping over important
details. Shorter, simpler, requests are more likely to get read and
acted upon was the specific advice from international relations.

--
Peter Thorne, Climate Research scientist
Met Office Hadley Centre, FitzRoy Road, Exeter, EX1 3PB.
tel. +44 1392 886552 fax. +44 1392 885681
http://www.hadobs.org


Attachment Converted: "c:\eudora\attach\Phil_letter_draft_091109.doc"

1258039134.txt

From: Phil Jones <p.jones@uea.ac.uk>
To: Sandy Tudhope <sandy.tudhope@ed.ac.uk>
Subject: Latest draft of WP1
Date: Thu Nov 12 10:18:54 2009
Cc: "Wolff, Eric W" <ewwo@bas.ac.uk>, Rob Wilson <rjsw@st-andrews.ac.uk>, "Bass, Catherine" <C.J.Bass@exeter.ac.uk>, "Turney, Christian" <C.Turney@exeter.ac.uk>, Rob Allan <rob.allan@metoffice.gov.uk>, Keith Briffa <k.briffa@uea.ac.uk>, "t.osborn@uea.ac.uk" <t.osborn@uea.ac.uk>

Dear All (especially Chris/Catherine),
Here's the latest draft of WP1. All in the group have now commented and amended this.
You should have the 3 supporting letters from Tree partners. Eric was contacting Eric
Steig and Sandy (see below) is contacting 3 coral people.
There is an issue about a Map. Rob W put one in his PhD page. This shows the corals. If
we were to add the tree-ring sites we would mainly get a splodge of points in South America
and NZ. Ice cores would just be over the AP and in the low-lat Andes. Issue is one of
space. We already have 3pp fo this WP. Refs will reduce to about 0.5pp once we go to et al
for 3 or more authors. A map would be useful for presentation to NERC, but is it essential
for the submission?
I'm away from tomorrow lunchtime for the weekend. Back in on Monday. Hope we'll be
looking through more complete drafts next week!
Cheers
Phil
At 19:02 11/11/2009, Sandy Tudhope wrote:

Dear Phil et al,
Good to speak to you earlier Phil and Rob W..
Please find attached a slightly modified version for WP1 ... I've just changed the coral
section a bit. Briefly, I've identified the new coral coring sites (rather than get
bogged down trying to describe how we will use analysis of model output to prioritise),
plus I've added back in some references and details that I think help, but don't add too
much length.
I've written to Janice Lough, Julie Cole and Kim Cobb re being Project Partners (I
actually spoke to Kim and she is keen).
FIGURE: I still think it might be useful to have a map in the main proposal ...
basically like the one Rob has in the PhD proposal ... we can simply have boxes around
the tree ring and ice core regions. This map needn't be any larger than Rob already
has it ... but it does help illustrate where we will get/have data. What do you all
think?
Cheers,
Sandy

Prof. Phil Jones
Climatic Research Unit Telephone +44 (0) 1603 592090
School of Environmental Sciences Fax +44 (0) 1603 507784
University of East Anglia
Norwich Email p.jones@uea.ac.uk
NR4 7TJ
UK
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1257888920.txt

From: Phil Jones <p.jones@uea.ac.uk>
To: c.harpham@uea.ac.uk
Subject: FW: Helpdesk query 1489: Hourly data have discontinuities at day joins
Date: Tue Nov 10 16:35:20 2009

Colin,
I thought that this didn't happen.
Cheers
Phil

From: C G Kilsby <c.g.kilsby@newcastle.ac.uk>
To: "p.jones@uea.ac.uk" <p.jones@uea.ac.uk>
Date: Tue, 10 Nov 2009 15:35:37 +0000
Subject: FW: Helpdesk query 1489: Hourly data have discontinuities at day
joins
Thread-Topic: Helpdesk query 1489: Hourly data have discontinuities at day
joins
Thread-Index: AcpiFAtfZVu2N5gLTBW4NaA+k/QJowAB1zVA
Accept-Language: en-GB
X-MS-Has-Attach:
X-MS-TNEF-Correlator:
acceptlanguage: en-GB
X-smtpf-Report: sid=lA9FZe094454569100; tid=lA9FZe0944545691XL;
client=lan,relay,white,ipv6; mail=; rcpt=; nrcpt=1:0; fails=0
X-Canit-CHI2: 0.00
X-Bayes-Prob: 0.0001 (Score 0, tokens from: @@RPTN, f028)
X-Spam-Score: 0.00 () [Hold at 5.00] HTML_MESSAGE,SPF(pass,0)
X-CanItPRO-Stream: UEA:f028 (inherits from UEA:default,base:default)
X-Canit-Stats-ID: 35355645 - b33bcd1c960c (trained as not-spam)
X-Antispam-Training-Forget:
[1]https://canit.uea.ac.uk/b.php?i=35355645&m=b33bcd1c960c&c=f
X-Antispam-Training-Nonspam:
[2]https://canit.uea.ac.uk/b.php?i=35355645&m=b33bcd1c960c&c=n
X-Antispam-Training-Spam: [3]https://canit.uea.ac.uk/b.php?i=35355645&m=b33bcd1c960c&c=s
X-Scanned-By: CanIt (www . roaringpenguin . com) on 139.222.131.184
Interesting one for you....

From: Lyndsey Middleton [[4]mailto:lyndsey.middleton@ukcip.org.uk]
Sent: 10 November 2009 2:43 PM
To: C G Kilsby
Subject: Helpdesk query 1489: Hourly data have discontinuities at day joins

Hi Chris,

Another Weather Generator query for you. It was raised by Richard Watkins of Manchester
University (and COPSE project) following a visit from Roger yesterday.

Can you let me know your response please?

Cheers,
Lyndsey

Long Description=The hourly data from the Weather

Generator have discontinuities at each

midnight join. The e.g. temperature

jumps, may be as high as 9�C. The

hourly data seem to have been generated

independently for each day, rather than

fitting a curve from the maximum of one

day to the minimum of the next. The

minimum to maximum curve, i.e. within

each day, is fine.

Could the Weather Generator be altered

to produce more realistic hourly data

by fitting from Tmax to Tmin the

following day, please? This would be

helpful particularly for any use of the

data for building simulation with plant

controls.

Thanks,

Richard Watkins

Lyndsey Middleton
Enquiries Officer

UK Climate Impacts Programme
School of Geography and Environment
OUCE
South Parks Road
Oxford OX1 3QY

[5]www.ukcip.org.uk


Tel: 01865 285 718 (direct) or 01865 285717 (switchboard)

My working days are: Tuesday and Wednesday 9am to 5pm and Friday 9 am to 12.30pm


Prof. Phil Jones
Climatic Research Unit Telephone +44 (0) 1603 592090
School of Environmental Sciences Fax +44 (0) 1603 507784
University of East Anglia
Norwich Email p.jones@uea.ac.uk
NR4 7TJ
UK
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

References

1. https://canit.uea.ac.uk/b.php?i=35355645&m=b33bcd1c960c&c=f
2. https://canit.uea.ac.uk/b.php?i=35355645&m=b33bcd1c960c&c=n
3. https://canit.uea.ac.uk/b.php?i=35355645&m=b33bcd1c960c&c=s
4. mailto:lyndsey.middleton@ukcip.org.uk
5. http://www.ukcip.org.uk/

1257881012.txt

From: AGU Atmospheric Sciences Section <Section@AGU.ORG>
To: <AS-SECTION_D@listserv.agu.org>
Subject: Letter to Atmospheric Sciences members
Date: Tue, 10 Nov 2009 14:23:32 -0500
Reply-to: AGU Atmospheric Sciences Section <Section@AGU.ORG>

Dear Atmospheric Sciences Section members,


First, I would like to remind you of three very close deadlines:


Nov. 12, Discounted registration for AGU Fall Meeting. Register at
[1]https://www.associationsciences.org/agu/meet_demog.jsp, and sign up for our Atmospheric
Sciences banquet on Dec. 15.


Nov. 13, Vote yes on AGU governance changes, [2]http://www.agu.org/governancevote/

Nov. 13, Please respond to [3]stacyjackson@berkeley.edu if you are willing to volunteer
your expertise to help answer questions during the Copenhagen Conference of the Parties of
the Framework Convention on Climate Change (see below).


Second, I would like to give you some information about where your contributions to
AGU go. Last year, members of the Atmospheric Sciences Section contributed $43,410 to
AGU's Voluntary Contribution Campaign. In 2008, due largely to member donations like
these, AGU facilitated career development events attended by 600 students, hosted 75 K-12
teachers at Fall Meeting workshops, and sponsored 31 members' visits with U.S. policy
makers. Additionally, voluntary contributions allowed AGU to provide travel grants to 135
deserving students to present their research for the first time at an AGU meeting. These
programs are essential for AGU's relevance and vitality. I know Atmospheric Science members
want AGU to do more. Please join me in supporting AGU's efforts to strengthen our
scientific society by making a gift to the 2010 Voluntary Contribution Campaign.
Unrestricted contributions are used to support AGU's greatest needs, but you can directly
support students pursuing Atmospheric Sciences by making a gift to the David Hofmann Travel
Grant, Holton-Kaufman Grant, or Namias Travel Grant. You can make your gift when you renew
your AGU membership, or you can give today at:

[4]https://www.agu.org/givingtoagu/making_your_gift.php


Sincerely,

Alan Robock

President, Atmospheric Sciences Section, AGU [5]robock@envsci.rutgers.edu

AGU Climate Scientists,


We are writing to encourage hundreds of you to participate in a unique opportunity to
improve the public's climate knowledge during the week before and the week of this year's
AGU Fall Meeting.


As you know, the Copenhagen negotiations (Dec. 7-18) are attracting hundreds of journalists
and will result in a proliferation of media articles about climate change. Recently, the
American public's "belief" in climate change has waned (36% think humans are warming the
earth according to the Pew Center's October poll), and December's media blitz provides an
opportunity to reverse the trend.


Your participation is needed to ensure that climate science coverage across media channels
is accurate, fact-based, and nuanced. Provided that enough AGU members sign up to
participate, we will be offering the opportunity for journalists reporting during the
Copenhagen conference to submit their questions on-line and receive a response from a
climate expert before an article goes to press.


We are asking each of you to sign up for two hours over the course of those two weeks
(12/7-18) to respond to questions from journalists. You will be able to choose which
queries to answer based on your expertise, and there will be an option to double-team when
questions span multiple areas of expertise. We will be setting up the appropriate
logistics to enable both virtual participation and a central work area at the AGU meeting.
If you have any questions, feel free to email Stacy Jackson at the email address below.


If you are willing to participate, please respond in the affirmative by Friday November
13th to [6]stacyjackson@berkeley.edu. Given the magnitude of the media coverage, we are
seeking several hundred willing climate scientists. More details will be forthcoming.


Thanks in advance,


Alan Robock, President, AGU Atmospheric Sciences Section

Anne Thompson, President-Elect, AGU Atmospheric Sciences Section

References

1. https://www.associationsciences.org/agu/meet_demog.jsp
2. http://www.agu.org/governancevote/
3. mailto:stacyjackson@berkeley.edu
4. https://www.agu.org/givingtoagu/making_your_gift.php
5. mailto:robock@envsci.rutgers.edu
6. mailto:stacyjackson@berkeley.edu

1257874826.txt

From: Phil Jones <p.jones@uea.ac.uk>
To: Gil Compo <compo@colorado.edu>
Subject: Re: Twentieth Century Reanalysis preliminary version 2 data - One other thing!
Date: Tue Nov 10 12:40:26 2009

Gil,
One other good plot to do is this. Plot land minus ocean. as a time series.
This should stay relatively close until the 1970s. Then the land should start moving away
from the ocean.
This departure is part of AGW. The rest is in your Co2 increases.
Cheers
Phil
Gil,
These will do for my purpose. I won't pass them on. I am looking forward to the draft
paper. As you're fully aware you're going to have to go some ways to figuring out what's
causing the differences.
You will have to go down the sub-sampling, but I don't think it is going to make much
difference. The agreement between CRU and GISS is amazing good, as already know. You ought
to include the NCDC dataset as well.
[1]http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/anomalies/index.html the ERSST3b dataset.
In the lower two plots there appear to be two types of differences, clearer in the
NH20-70 land domain.
The first is when reanl20v2 differs for a single year (like a year in the last 1960s, 1967
or 1968) and then when it differs for about 10 years or so. It is good that it keeps coming
back. For individual years there are a couple of years in the first decade of the 20th
century (the 1900s).
The longer periods are those you've noticed - the 1920s and the 1890s. There is also
something up with the period 1955-65 and the 1970s. The 1920s seems to get back then go off
again from about 1935 to early 1940s. Best thing to try and isolate some of the reasons
would be maps for decades or individual years. For the 1920s I'd expect the differences to
be coming from Siberia as opposed to Canada. I think the 1890s might be just down to
sparser coverage. The 1890s is the only period where the difference brings your pink line
back towards the long-term zero. All the others have the pink line more extreme than the
HadCRUT3/GISS average.
Rob Allan just called. I briefly mentioned this to him. He suggested maps of data input
during these times. He also suggested looking at the spread of the ensembles. Your grey
spread is sort of this, but this is a different sort of ensemble to what Rob implied you
might have?
One final thing - don't worry too much about the 1940-60 period, as I think we'll be
changing the SSTs there for 1945-60 and with more digitized data for 1940-45. There is also
a tendency for the last 10 years (1996-2005) to drift slightly low - all 3 lines. This may
be down to SST issues.
Once again thanks for these! Hoping you'll send me a Christmas Present of the draft!
Cheers
Phil
At 20:45 09/11/2009, you wrote:

Phil,
1. I didn't get the attached.
Both version1 and version2 use HadISST1.1 for SST and sea ice.
2. time-varying CO2, volcanic aerosols, and solar variability (11-year cycle until 1949,
"observed" after that) are specified.
Attached is a research figure. Please do not share.
In it, I have plotted the annual average (top panel) 50S to 70N global average 2m
temperature from 20CRv2, SST/2m temperature from HadCRU3, SST/2m temperature from
GISTEMP 1200km, and the 90% range of 2m air temperature from 25 CMIP3 models that can be
extended beyond their 20C3M runs with SRESA1B. The ensemble mean is the thick gray
curve. Averages are July-June.
(middle panel) 50S to 70N land-only 2m temperature from 20CRv2, 2m temperature from
CRUTEM3, 2m temperature from GISTEMP land-only 1200km. CMIP3 data is the same.
(bottom panel) same as middle panel but for Northern Hemisphere land-only (20N to 70N).
Anomalies are with respect to 1901-2000. period is July 1891 to June 2005. The CRU
(HadCRU) curves are supposed to be black.
No data has been masked by another dataset's observational availability, but missing
values are not included in that dataset's area-weighted average.
Your ERA-Interim finding about it being warmer seems to be the case in the late 19th
century but not the early 1920's.
Note that the only thermometer data in the magenta curve (20CRv2) is the HadISST1.1 over
oceans. The two landonly panels are independent of thermometers, aside from the
specified SSTs.
There are some very interesting differences, particulary late-19th century, 1920s, and
WWII.
Correlations (I told you this was research, right?). The second pair is for linearly
detrended data.
GLOBE (70N-50S)

reanl20v2.70n50s.landocean.juljun
hadcru3.70n50s.landocean.juljun 0.94370

reanl20v2.70n50s.landocean.juljun
hadcru3.70n50s.landocean.juljun 0.82017

reanl20v2.70n50s.landocean.juljun
gistemp_combined1200.70n50s.landocean.juljun 0.95284

reanl20v2.70n50s.landocean.juljun
gistemp_combined1200.70n50s.landocean.juljun 0.85808

hadcru3.70n50s.landocean.juljun
gistemp_combined1200.70n50s.landocean.juljun 0.99088

hadcru3.70n50s.landocean.juljun
gistemp_combined1200.70n50s.landocean.juljun 0.97383
GLOBAL LAND (70N-50S)

reanl20v2.70n50s.landonly.juljun
cru3.70n50s.landonly.juljun 0.85167

reanl20v2.70n50s.landonly.juljun
cru3.70n50s.landonly.juljun 0.68755

reanl20v2.70n50s.landonly.juljun
gistemp_land1200.70n50s.landonly.juljun 0.81469

reanl20v2.70n50s.landonly.juljun
gistemp_land1200.70n50s.landonly.juljun 0.60152

cru3.70n50s.landonly.juljun
gistemp_land1200.70n50s.landonly.juljun 0.98050

cru3.70n50s.landonly.juljun
gistemp_land1200.70n50s.landonly.juljun 0.95316
NH Land (20N-70N)

reanl20v2.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun
cru3.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun 0.82956

reanl20v2.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun
cru3.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun 0.67989

reanl20v2.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun
gistemp_land1200.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun 0.79247

reanl20v2.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun
gistemp_land1200.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun 0.59900

cru3.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun
gistemp_land1200.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun 0.98001

cru3.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun
gistemp_land1200.nh_nohigh.landonly.juljun 0.95880
I thought that correlations of 0.8 to 0.85 were high for an independent dataset this
long. I think that these are higher than the proxies?
The global isn't that fair because we have the HadISST.
The correlations are about the same as for AMIP runs, though. See
Hoerling M., A. Kumar, J. Eischeid, B. Jha (2008), What is causing the variability in
global mean land temperature?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L23712,
doi:10.1029/2008GL035984.
It will be interesting to see if the masked numbers change.
Let me know if you need anything else on this for your essay material.
best wishes,
gil
Phil Jones wrote on 11/9/09 2:55 AM:

Gil,
A couple of questions.
1. See the attached. Is this paper providing the SST input to 20CRv2?
2. Do you change greenhouse gases in the run?
Apologies if these are answered elsewhere.
Do you have any pre-draft plots without subsampling to get some idea of how good the
agreement?
I'm asking these questions as I'm writing an essay for Climate Change. There are no
diagrams in this, but showing the agreement with 20CRv2 will be a nice way to finish the
paper.
Paper briefly documents the magnitude of all the problems in global temperature data -
such as SST biases, exposure issues, urbanization and site changes (in order of
importance). Site changes for global averages are the least important. Trying to point
to a few home truths to skeptics who keep on going on about the land data.
Cheers
Phil
At 15:39 03/11/2009, Gil Compo wrote:

Phil,
Already calculated. We don't suffer from some of the issues that you and Adrian raised
because we use only surface pressure.
In the Northern Hemisphere extratropics, the agreement with the various (yours, GISTEMP,
NOAA) thermometer-based near surface T is high, but in the Tropics and Southern
Hemisphere, there are discrepancies, particularly over Africa and South America. The
20CRv2 does not have the intensity of the Siberia warming.
There are also discrepancies in the WWII period. I have not subset the reanalysis to
correspond to a particular dataset's missing mask as all 3 have different coverages.
I'll be making plots for the paper (with a draft coming) soon.
best wishes,
gil
[2]P.Jones@uea.ac.uk wrote on 11/3/09 3:37 AM:

Gil,
I'm sitting in a meeting in Bristol with Rob Allan. We've
had a
thought. When you finish v2 will you be quickly calculating the global
T average for the 1891-2006 period? Do you expect this to look like the
real global T, or do you expect it to not show the longer timescale
change that NCEP from 1948 showed?

I can send a paper with Adrian Simmons from JGR in 2004 on
this when
I'm back in Norwich tomorrow.

Cheers
Phil

Dear Colleagues,

Courtesy of the NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory Physical Sciences
Division and University of Colorado CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center, at

[3]ftp://ftp.cdc.noaa.gov/Datasets/20thC_Rean/provisionalV2/ ,
please find temporary netCDF files from the 20th Century Reanalysis
version 2 (1891-2006). These yearly files are for the ensemble mean
analysis (means) and ensemble standard deviation (spreads) of selected
variables. Colleagues from organizations contributing to the 20th
Century Reanalysis version 2 or the International Surface Pressure
Databank version2.2, the observational input dataset, are welcome to
investigate these preliminary files. Colleagues on the Atmospheric
Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth Working Group 3
Verification and Validation of reanalyses are also welcome to begin
working with these files.

We are working with our distribution partners at the National Center for
Atmospheric Research, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration (NOAA) Earth System Research Laboratory and NOAAs
National Climatic Data Center on wider availability and documentation.
A rough draft of important documentation is attached.

Also, please see our new homepage at

[4]http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/20thC_Rean/ which includes access
to
images of 6-hourly sea level pressure and 500 geopotential maps
generated from the version 2 data.

When production is complete, the 20CR version 2 will span 1871 to
present.

The references for the dataset are
Compo, G.P., J.S. Whitaker, P.D. Sardeshmukh, N. Matsui, R.J. Allan,
X. Yin,B.E. Gleason, R.S. Vose, G. Rutledge, P. Bessemoulin, S.
Br�nnimann, M. Brunet, R.I. Crouthamel, A.N. Grant, P.Y. Groisman, P.D.
Jones, M. Kruk, A.C. Kruger, G.J. Marshall, M. Maugeri, H.Y. Mok, �.
Nordli, T.F. Ross, R.M. Trigo, X.L. Wang, S.D. Woodruff, S.J. Worley,
2009: The Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project. Quarterly J. Roy. Met.
Soc., in preparation.
Compo, G.P., J.S. Whitaker, P.D. Sardeshmukh, 2008: The 20th Century
Reanalysis Project. Third WCRP International Conference on Reanalysis,
28 January 2008, Tokyo, Japan

<
[5]http://wcrp.ipsl.jussieu.fr/Workshops/Reanalysis2008/Documents/V5-511_ea.pdf
>.
Compo,G.P., J.S. Whitaker, and P.D. Sardeshmukh, 2006: Feasibility of
a 100 year reanalysis using only surface pressure data. Bull. Amer. Met.
Soc., 87, 175-190.
Whitaker, J.S., G.P.Compo, X. Wei, and T.M. Hamill 2004: Reanalysis
without radiosondes using ensemble data assimilation. Mon. Wea. Rev.,
132, 1190-1200.
Please let us know of any questions about the dataset. And, thank you
for your contributions to its development.

Best wishes,
Gil Compo
[6]<compo@colorado.edu>
Jeffrey S. Whitaker
[7]
<Jeffrey.S.Whitaker@noaa.gov>
20th Century Reanalysis Project leads

--
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Gil Compo, Research Scientist, CIRES
University of Colorado

Mail : CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center
NOAA Physical Sciences Division
Earth System Research Laboratory
325 Broadway R/PSD1, Boulder, CO 80305-3328
Email: [8]compo@colorado.edu
Phone: (303) 497-6115 Fax: (303) 497-6449

[9]http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/people/gilbert.p.compo
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
"Stop and consider the wondrous works of God."
Job 37:34


--
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Gil Compo, Research Scientist, CIRES
University of Colorado

Mail : CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center
NOAA Physical Sciences Division
Earth System Research Laboratory
325 Broadway R/PSD1, Boulder, CO 80305-3328
Email: [10]compo@colorado.edu
Phone: (303) 497-6115 Fax: (303) 497-6449

[11]http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/people/gilbert.p.compo
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
"Stop and consider the wondrous works of God."
Job 37:34

Prof. Phil Jones
Climatic Research Unit Telephone +44 (0) 1603 592090
School of Environmental Sciences Fax +44 (0) 1603 507784
University of East Anglia
Norwich Email [12]p.jones@uea.ac.uk
NR4 7TJ
UK
----------------------------------------------------------------------------


--
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Gil Compo, Research Scientist, CIRES
University of Colorado

Mail : CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center
NOAA Physical Sciences Division
Earth System Research Laboratory
325 Broadway R/PSD1, Boulder, CO 80305-3328
Email: [13]compo@colorado.edu
Phone: (303) 497-6115 Fax: (303) 497-6449
[14]http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/people/gilbert.p.compo
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
"Stop and consider the wondrous works of God."
Job 37:34

Prof. Phil Jones
Climatic Research Unit Telephone +44 (0) 1603 592090
School of Environmental Sciences Fax +44 (0) 1603 507784
University of East Anglia
Norwich Email p.jones@uea.ac.uk
NR4 7TJ
UK
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

References

1. http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/anomalies/index.html%A0
2. mailto:P.Jones@uea.ac.uk
3. ftp://ftp.cdc.noaa.gov/Datasets/20thC_Rean/provisionalV2/
4. http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/20thC_Rean/
5. http://wcrp.ipsl.jussieu.fr/Workshops/Reanalysis2008/Documents/V5-511_ea.pdf
6. mailto:compo@colorado.edu
7. mailto:Jeffrey.S.Whitaker@noaa.gov
8. mailto:compo@colorado.edu
9. http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/people/gilbert.p.compo
10. mailto:compo@colorado.edu
11. http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/people/gilbert.p.compo
12. mailto:p.jones@uea.ac.uk
13. mailto:compo@colorado.edu
14. http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/people/gilbert.p.compo

1257847147.txt

From: "IPCC WGI TSU" <wg1@ipcc.unibe.ch>
Subject: IPCC Draft Good Practice Guidance Paper on Detection and Attribution for Review
Date: Tue, 10 Nov 2009 04:59:07 +0100 (CET)
Reply-to: wg1@ipcc.unibe.ch
Cc: stocker@climate.unibe.ch, qdh@cma.gov.cn, barros@at.fcen.uba.ar, cfield@ciw.edu, plattner@ipcc.unibe.ch, krisebi@ipcc-wg2.gov, midgley@ipcc.unibe.ch, tignor@ipcc.unibe.ch, wg1@ipcc.unibe.ch, tsu@ipcc-wg2.gov

Content-Type: text/plain; charset="iso-8859-1"
X-MIME-Autoconverted: from 8bit to quoted-printable by ueamailgate02.uea.ac.uk id nAA3xK1S014515

Dear Participants of the IPCC Expert Meeting on Detection & Attribution,
dear Colleagues,

Please find attached the draft version of the Good Practice Guidance Paper
(GPGP) which has been prepared by the Core Writing Team (CWT) following
the IPCC joint WGI/II Expert Meeting on Detection and Attribution. Gabi,
Ove, Camille, David, Gino, Marty, Peter, and Sari, have been working very
hard to meet the TSU deadline and have managed to provide the Co-Chairs
with the attached draft version right in time for presentation at the IPCC
Plenary in Bali the last week of October. We all owe them our sincere
thanks for the efforts put into the preparation of this document.

Logistics:

We would now like to invite all participants of the Geneva Expert Meeting
to review the GPGP and to provide comments and suggestions on the attached
draft within 2 weeks from today (i.e. by *November 24*). If you do plan to
provide your inputs, please prepare your comments in a separate document
(word or plain text) in order to facilitate the handling of the comments
from potentially ~30 participants. Submission of the files will be by
email to the WGI TSU at wg1@ipcc.unibe.ch. We will collect all the
reviews, combine them into an easily manageable format and will then
forward them to the CWT. The task of the CWT will then be to consider all
your comments and revise the GPGP accordingly. We do not plan to send the
Guidance Paper out for a second round of comments, but trust that the CWT
will make every effort to take your suggestions into account as much as
possible.

Changes to terminology discussed in Geneva:

Please note that the CWT, after intense discussions, had to make a few
changes to the language used in the "approved" documents from the last
day's final plenary. One of the changes is the change from "direct" to
"single step" attribution. Given the level of discussion created within
the CWT and also during the meeting, the CWT felt it was more constructive
NOT to insinuate which methods are better or stronger and so strived for
neutral language, particularly as the views about what constitutes a
strong method differed between groups (not only IPCC WGs). Note that the
word �direct� already had created discussion during the final plenary of
the Geneva meeting and was flagged as unresolved in the material sent to
the CWT by the WGI TSU. As a consequence, the CWT has then changed
"sequential" to "multi-step" to keep language consistent. The CWT has
highlighted in the text by brackets where language was changed in order to
maintain maximum transparency.

Material to be included in the Expert Meeting Report:

The GPGP will be part of the full meeting report which we are currently
preparing at the WGI TSU. The full meeting report will include all the
materials from the conference documentation, i.e. abstracts, participants
list, agenda, etc. In Geneva, we also discussed to include additional
science background material going along with the Guidance Paper. In light
of the substantial GPGP we currently have, it seems sufficient to add a
few (2-3) practical examples of D&A to the report which would illustrate
and clarify in concrete terms the different points raised in the GPGP. As
such examples are of a different nature than the GPGP text, we propose to
present them in separate boxes. Our proposal is that the CWT will work on
these D&A examples while the participants are commenting on the GPGP, and
while the WGI TSU works on preparing the full meeting report. A further
science element to be included in the full meeting report would be a
non-comprehensive bibliography of D&A literature added at the end of the
report (see separate email following).

I hope this way forward is acceptable to you. Thank you very much for your
continued efforts and contributions to this important IPCC activity. We
are looking forward to your inputs,

Cheers, Kasper
IPCC WGI TSU


--------------------------------------------------
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Working Group I Technical Support Unit
University of Bern
Zaehringerstrasse 25
3012 Bern, Switzerland
ph: +41 31 631 56 16
fx: +41 31 631 56 15
http://www.ipcc.unibe.ch
--------------------------------------------------

Attachment Converted: "c:\eudora\attach\IPCC_Guidance_DA_v081109.pdf"

1257546975.txt

From: Tom Wigley <wigley@ucar.edu>
To: Phil Jones <p.jones@uea.ac.uk>
Subject: LAND vs OCEAN
Date: Fri, 06 Nov 2009 17:36:15 -0700

<x-flowed>
We probably need to say more about this. Land warming since
1980 has been twice the ocean warming -- and skeptics might
claim that this proves that urban warming is real and important.

See attached note.

Comments?

Tom

</x-flowed>

Attachment Converted: "c:\eudora\attach\LANDvsOCEAN.doc"

1257532857.txt

From: Tom Wigley <wigley@ucar.edu>
To: Phil Jones <p.jones@uea.ac.uk>
Subject: Re: Revised CC text
Date: Fri, 06 Nov 2009 13:40:57 -0700

<x-flowed>
Thanks, Phil.

A bunch of us are putting something together on the latest
Lindzen and Choi crap (GRL). Not a comment, but a separate paper
to avoid giving Lindzen the last word.

Tom.

++++++++++++++++

Phil Jones wrote:
>
>> Tom,
>
> Got to this sooner than I thought. I've responded to your points by
> saying things in comments and also responding to some points at the end
> of the references.
>
> Over the weekend I'll get the references into the same format. Can
> you have another look through? I think we are there on almost everything.
>
> Keith should be replying about the trees - a possible reason why KHAD
> is anomalous relates to permafrost depth. Impossible to prove and it's
> likely much more complicated. Difficult to detail with MM when they
> won't publish anything. They also know the global temperature record is
> robust, the millennial records less so. Taking one or two records out
> makes no difference and they know that. They go on about issues that
> have no effect.
>
> The CC article explains why the global T record is robust, so
> something to refer to. I don't think it is going to help our H-Indexes
> though!
>
> Have a good weekend!
>
> Phil
>
>
>
> Prof. Phil Jones
> Climatic Research Unit Telephone +44 (0) 1603 592090
> School of Environmental Sciences Fax +44 (0) 1603 507784
> University of East Anglia
> Norwich Email p.jones@uea.ac.uk
> NR4 7TJ
> UK
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
>


</x-flowed>

1256765544.txt

From: "Graham F Haughton" <G.F.Haughton@hull.ac.uk>
To: "Phil Jones" <p.jones@uea.ac.uk>
Subject: RE: Dr Sonja BOEHMER-CHRISTIANSEN
Date: Wed, 28 Oct 2009 17:32:24 -0000

Content-class: urn:content-classes:message
Content-Type: text/plain;
charset="iso-8859-1"

I know, I feel for you being in that position. If its any consolation we've had it here for years, very pointed commentary at all external seminars and elsewhere, always coming back to the same theme. Since Sonja retired I am a lot more free to push my environmental interests without ongoing critique of my motives and supposed misguidedness - I've signed my department up to 10:10 campaign and have a taskforce of staff and students involved in it.... Every now and then people say to me sotto voce with some bemusement, 'and when Sonja finds out, how will you explain it to her...!'

Graham

-----Original Message-----
From: Phil Jones [mailto:p.jones@uea.ac.uk]
Sent: 28 October 2009 16:39
To: Graham F Haughton
Subject: RE: Dr Sonja BOEHMER-CHRISTIANSEN


Dear Graham,
Thanks for the speedy reply. Just like you
are, we are trying here to do bits of research
mostly related to the current set of contracts we
have. Trying to respond to blogs is just not part
of the deadlines we have entered into with the
Research Councils, the EU and DEFRA.
You are probably aware of this, but the
journal Sonja edits is at the very bottom of
almost all climate scientists lists of journals
to read. It is the journal of choice of climate
change skeptics and even here they don't seem to
be bothering with journals at all recently.
I don't think there is anything more you can
do. I have vented my frustration and have had a considered reply from you.

Cheers
Phil


At 18:45 27/10/2009, you wrote:
>Content-class: urn:content-classes:message
>Content-Type: text/plain;
> charset="iso-8859-1"
>
>Dear Phil, sorry to hear this. I don't see much
>of her these days, but when I do see Sonja next
>I'll try and have a quiet word with her about
>the way the affiliation to us is used, but at
>the moment in fairness she is entitled to use it
>in the way she does. Fortunately I don't get to
>see many of these email exchanges but I do
>occasionally hear about them or see them and
>frankly am rarely convinced by what I read. But
>as with all academics, I'd want to protect
>another academic's freedom to be contrary and
>critical, even if I personally believe she is
>probably wrong. I agree with you that it'd be
>better for these exchanges to be conducted
>through the peer review process but these forms
>of e-communication are now part of the public
>debate and its difficult to do much about it
>other than to defend your position in this and
>other fora, or just ignore it as being, in your words, malicious.
>
>I can understand your frustration and I am
>pretty sure I'd be feeling exactly the same in
>your shoes, but I am not sure at the moment that
>I can do much more. If you think I can and
>should do more then feel free to ring and I am happy to discuss the matter.
>
>Graham
>
>
>-----Original Message-----
>From: Phil Jones [mailto:p.jones@uea.ac.uk]
>Sent: 27 October 2009 17:05
>To: Graham F Haughton
>Subject: Dr Sonja BOEHMER-CHRISTIANSEN
>
>
> Dear Professor Haughton,
> The email below was brought to my attention
>by the help desk of UKCP09 - the new set of UK
>climate scenarios developed for DEFRA. It was
>sent by the person named in the header of this
>email. I regard this email as very malicious. Dr
>Boehmer-Christiansen states that it is beyond her
>expertise to assess the claims made. If this is
>the case then she shouldn't be sending malicious
>emails like this. The two Canadians she refers
>to have never developed a tree-ring chronology in
>their lives and McIntyre has stated several times
>on his blog site that he has no aim to write up
>his results for publication in the peer-review literature.
> I'm sure you will be of the same opinion as
>me that science should be undertaken through the
>peer-review literature as it has been for over
>300 years. The peer-review system is the
>safeguard science has developed to stop bad science being published.
>
> In case you want to read more about the
>subject my colleague Keith Briffa has just put this up on his web site.
>
> http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/cru/people/briffa/yamal2009/
>
> It has taken him some time, partly as he has
>been off after a serious operation in June. He
>has had to return early to respond to this. He
>has also had some difficulty contacting our Russian colleagues.
>
> The claims on the Climate Audit site are
>exaggerated, but get taken completely out of
>context by the other blog sites that get referred
>to in Dr Boehmer-Christiansen's email. I will
>draw your attention to two things
>
> 1. The Yamal chronology is only used in 3 of
>the 12 millennial temperature reconstructions in Ch 6 of the 2007 IPCC Report.
>
> 2. McIntyre was sent the data for Yamal by our
>Russian colleagues on Feb 2, 2004.
>
> I realize Dr Boehmer-Christensen no longer
>works for you, but she is still using your affiliation.
>
> Best Regards
> Phil Jones
>
>
> From: Sonja A Boehmer-Christiansen <Sonja.B-C@hull.ac.uk>
> Date: 2 October 2009 18:09:39 GMT+01:00
> To: Stephanie Ferguson <stephanie.ferguson@ukcip.org.uk>
> Cc: "Peiser, Benny"
><B.J.Peiser@ljmu.ac.uk>, Patrick David Henderson
><pdhenderson18@googlemail.com>, Christopher Monckton <monckton@mail.com>
> Subject: RE: Please take note of
>potetially serious allegations of scientific 'fraud' by CRU and Met Office
>
>
>
>
> Dear Stephanie
>
> I expect that a great deal of UKCIP work
>is based on the data provided by CRU (as does the
>work of the IPCC and of course UK climate
>policy). Some of this, very fundamentally, would
>now seem to be open to scientific challenge, and
>may even face future legal enquiries. It may be
>in the interest of UKCIP to inform itself in good
>time and become a little more 'uncertain' about its policy advice.
>
> Perhaps you can comment on the following
>and pass the allegations made on to the relevant people.
>
> It is beyond my expertise to assess the
>claims made, but they would fit into my
>perception of the whole 'man-made global warming'
>cum energy policy debate. I know several of
>the people involved personally and have no
>reason to doubt their sincerity and honour as
>scientists, though I am also aware of their
>highly critical (of IPCC science) policy positions.
>
> I could also let you have statements by
>Steve McIntyre and Ross McKitrick. Ross McKitrick
>currently teaches at Westminister Business School
>and who is fully informed about the relevant
>issues. He recently addressed a meeting of about 50 people in London.
>
> Best wishes
>
> Sonja B-C
>
> Dr.Sonja A.Boehmer-Christiansen
> Reader Emeritus, Department of Geography
> Hull University
> Editor, Energy&Environment
> Multi-Science (www.multi-science.co.uk)
> HULL HU6 7RX
> Phone:(0044)1482 465369/465385
> Fax: (0044) 1482 466340
>
>
> TWO copied pieces follow, both relate to CRU and UK climate policy
>
> a. THE MET OFFICE AND CRU'S YAMAL SCANDAL: EXPLAIN OR RESIGN
>
> " Jennifer Marohasy <jennifermarohasy@jennifermarohasy.com>
>
> Leading UK Climate Scientists Must
>Explain or Resign, Jennifer Marohasy
> <
><http://jennifermarohasy.com/blog/2009/09/leading-uk-climate-scientists->
>http://jennifermarohasy.com/blog/2009/09/leading-uk-climate-scientists-
> must-explain-or-resign/>
>
> MOST scientific sceptics have been
>dismissive of the various reconstructions of
>temperature which suggest 1998 is the warmest
>year of the past millennium. Our case has been
>significantly bolstered over the last week with
>statistician Steve McIntyre finally getting
>access to data used by Keith Briffa, Tim Osborn
>and Phil Jones to support the idea that there has
>been an unprecedented upswing in temperatures
>over the last hundred years - the infamous hockey stick graph.
>
> Mr McIntyre's analysis of the data -
>which he had been asking for since
> 2003 - suggests that scientists at the
>Climate Research Unit of the United Kingdom's
>Bureau of Meteorology have been using only a
>small subset of the available data to make their
>claims that recent years have been the hottest of
>the last millennium. When the entire data set is
>used, Mr McIntyre claims that the hockey stick shape disappears
> completely. [1]
>
> Mr McIntyre has previously showed
>problems with the mathematics behind the 'hockey
>stick'. But scientists at the Climate Research
>Centre, in particular Dr Briffa, have
>continuously republished claiming the upswing in
>temperatures over the last 100 years is real and
>not an artifact of the methodology used - as
>claimed by Mr McIntyre. However, these same
>scientists have denied Mr McIntyre access to all
>the data. Recently they were forced to make more
>data available to Mr McIntyre after they
>published in the Philosophical Transactions of
>the Royal Society - a journal which unlike Nature
>and Science has strict policies on data archiving which it
> enforces.
>
> This week's claims by Steve McInyre that
>scientists associated with the UK Meteorology
>Bureau have been less than diligent are serious
>and suggest some of the most defended building
>blocks of the case for anthropogenic global
>warming are based on the indefensible when the
> methodology is laid bare.
>
> This sorry saga also raises issues
>associated with how data is archived at the UK
>Meteorological Bureau with in complete data sets
>that spuriously support the case for global
>warming being promoted while complete data sets
>are kept hidden from the public - including from
>scientific sceptics like Steve McIntyre.
>
> It is indeed time leading scientists at
>the Climate Research Centre associated with the
>UK Meteorological Bureau explain how Mr McIntyre is in error or resign.
>
> [1] Yamal: A "Divergence" Problem, by
>Steve McIntyre, 27 September 2009
> http://www.climateaudit.org/?p=7168
>
> Jennifer Marohasy BSc PhD
>
>
>
> b. National Review Online, 23 September 2009
>
><http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=ZTBiMTRlMDQxNzEyMmRhZjU3ZmYzODI5MGY4ZWI5OWM=>By
>
>Patrick J. Michaels
>
>
> Imagine if there were no reliable
>records of global surface temperature. Raucous
>policy debates such as cap-and-trade would have
>no scientific basis, Al Gore would at this point
>be little more than a historical footnote, and
>President Obama would not be spending this U.N.
>session talking up a (likely unattainable)
>international climate deal in Copenhagen in
>December. Steel yourself for the new reality,
>because the data needed to verify the
>gloom-and-doom warming forecasts have disappeared.
>
> Or so it seems. Apparently, they were
>either lost or purged from some discarded
>computer. Only a very few people know what really
>happened, and they aren't talking much. And what
>little they are saying makes no sense.
> In the early 1980s, with funding from
>the U.S. Department of Energy, scientists at the
>United Kingdom's University of East Anglia
>established the Climate Research Unit (CRU) to
>produce the world's first comprehensive history
>of surface temperature. It's known in the trade
>as the "Jones and Wigley" record for its authors,
>Phil Jones and Tom Wigley, and it served as the
>primary reference standard for the U.N.
>Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
>until 2007. It was this record that prompted the
>IPCC to claim a "discernible human influence on global climate."
> Putting together such a record isn't at
>all easy. Weather stations weren't really
>designed to monitor global climate. Long-standing
>ones were usually established at points of
>commerce, which tend to grow into cities that
>induce spurious warming trends in their records.
>Trees grow up around thermometers and lower the
>afternoon temperature. Further, as documented by
>the University of Colorado's Roger Pielke Sr.,
>many of the stations themselves are placed in
>locations, such as in parking lots or near heat
>vents, where artificially high temperatures are bound to be recorded.
> So the weather data that go into the
>historical climate records that are required to
>verify models of global warming aren't the
>original records at all. Jones and Wigley,
>however, weren't specific about what was done to
>which station in order to produce their record,
>which, according to the IPCC, showed a warming of
>0.6° +/- 0.2°C in the 20th century.
>
> Now begins the fun. Warwick Hughes, an
>Australian scientist, wondered where that "+/-"
>came from, so he politely wrote Phil Jones in
>early 2005, asking for the original data. Jones's
>response to a fellow scientist attempting to
>replicate his work was, "We have 25 years or so
>invested in the work. Why should I make the data
>available to you, when your aim is to try and find something wrong with it?"
> Reread that statement, for it is
>breathtaking in its anti-scientific thrust. In
>fact, the entire purpose of replication is to
>"try and find something wrong." The ultimate
>objective of science is to do things so well that, indeed, nothing is wrong.
>
> Then the story changed. In June 2009,
>Georgia Tech's Peter Webster told Canadian
>researcher Stephen McIntyre that he had requested
>raw data, and Jones freely gave it to him. So
>McIntyre promptly filed a Freedom of Information
>Act request for the same data. Despite having
>been invited by the National Academy of Sciences
>to present his analyses of millennial
>temperatures, McIntyre was told that he couldn't
>have the data because he wasn't an "academic." So
>his colleague Ross McKitrick, an economist at the
>University of Guelph, asked for the data. He was turned down, too.
> Faced with a growing number of such
>requests, Jones refused them all, saying that
>there were "confidentiality" agreements regarding
>the data between CRU and nations that supplied
>the data. McIntyre's blog readers then requested
>those agreements, country by country, but only a
>handful turned out to exist, mainly from Third
>World countries and written in very vague language.
> It's worth noting that McKitrick and I
>had published papers demonstrating that the
>quality of land-based records is so poor that the
>warming trend estimated since 1979 (the first
>year for which we could compare those records to
>independent data from satellites) may have been
>overestimated by 50 percent. Webster, who
>received the CRU data, published studies linking
>changes in hurricane patterns to warming (while others have found otherwise).
> Enter the dog that ate global warming.
>
> Roger Pielke Jr., an esteemed professor
>of environmental studies at the University of
>Colorado, then requested the raw data from Jones. Jones responded:
> Since the 1980s, we have merged the data
>we have received into existing series or begun
>new ones, so it is impossible to say if all
>stations within a particular country or if all of
>an individual record should be freely available.
>Data storage availability in the 1980s meant that
>we were not able to keep the multiple sources for
>some sites, only the station series after
>adjustment for homogeneity issues. We, therefore,
>do not hold the original raw data but only the
>value-added (i.e., quality controlled and homogenized) data.
> The statement about "data storage" is
>balderdash. They got the records from somewhere.
>The files went onto a computer. All of the
>original data could easily fit on the 9-inch tape
>drives common in the mid-1980s. I had all of the
>world's surface barometric pressure data on one such tape in 1979.
> If we are to believe Jones's note to the
>younger Pielke, CRU adjusted the original data
>and then lost or destroyed them over twenty years
>ago. The letter to Warwick Hughes may have been
>an outright lie. After all, Peter Webster
>received some of the data this year. So the
>question remains: What was destroyed or lost,
>when was it destroyed or lost, and why?
>
> All of this is much more than an
>academic spat. It now appears likely that the
>U.S. Senate will drop cap-and-trade climate
>legislation from its docket this fall - whereupon
>the Obama Environmental Protection Agency is
>going to step in and issue regulations on
>carbon-dioxide emissions. Unlike a law, which
>can't be challenged on a scientific basis, a
>regulation can. If there are no data, there's no
>science. U.S. taxpayers deserve to know the
>answer to the question posed above. (Patrick J.
>Michaels is a senior fellow in environmental
>studies at the Cato Institute and author of
>Climate of Extremes: Global Warming Science They Don't Want You to Know.) "
>
>
>
>
>
>*****************************************************************************************
> To view the terms under which this email
>is distributed, please go to
><http://www.hull.ac.uk/legal/email_disclaimer.html>
>http://www.hull.ac.uk/legal/email_disclaimer.html
>
>*****************************************************************************************
>
>
>Prof. Phil Jones
>Climatic Research Unit Telephone +44 (0) 1603 592090
>School of Environmental Sciences Fax +44 (0) 1603 507784
>University of East Anglia
>Norwich Email p.jones@uea.ac.uk
>NR4 7TJ
>UK
>----------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>
>*****************************************************************************************
>To view the terms under which this email is
>distributed, please go to http://www.hull.ac.uk/legal/email_disclaimer.html
>*****************************************************************************************

Prof. Phil Jones
Climatic Research Unit Telephone +44 (0) 1603 592090
School of Environmental Sciences Fax +44 (0) 1603 507784
University of East Anglia
Norwich Email p.jones@uea.ac.uk
NR4 7TJ
UK
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

*****************************************************************************************
To view the terms under which this email is distributed, please go to http://www.hull.ac.uk/legal/email_disclaimer.html
*****************************************************************************************